Gujarat can be a state in western India. It's an area of seventy five,686 sq mi (196,030 km2) using a shoreline of 1,600 km, the majority of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula, and also a population in excessive of sixty million. The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the north, Maharashtra to the south, Madhya Pradesh to the east and also the Arabian Sea too because the Pakistani province of Sindh within the west. Its capital is Gandhinagar, even though its largest city is Ahmedabad. Gujarat is house to the Gujarati-speaking people of India.
The state encompasses big websites of the historical Indus Valley Civilization, such as Lothal and Dholavira. Lothal is thought to be a single of the world's very first ports. Gujarat's coastal cities, chiefly Bharuch, served as ports and trading centers within the Maurya and Gupta empires. Mahatma Gandhi, regarded India's "father in the nation", was a Gujarati who led the Indian Independence Motion in opposition to the British colonial rule.
Gujarat performed an vital function within the economic historical past of India all through the history of India. The state has the fastest expanding economic climate in India. It's also 1 of the most industrialized states of India, and features a for every capita GDP practically two times that in the national typical.
Modern-day Gujarat is derived from Gurjaratra which is the land guarded or ruled through the Gurjars, or from Gurjar-Rashtra, the Gujjar nation. The origins in the Gujjars are unsure. The Gujjar clan appeared in northern India concerning the time of the Huna invasions of northern India.
The title in the tribe was Sanskritized to "Gurjara". The Gurjars/Gujjars think to get descended from Suryavanshi Kshatriyas (Sunlight Dynasty). Historically, the Gurjars had been Sun-worshipers and their copper-plate grants and seals also bear an emblem in the Sunshine.
- Amar, India